CBD, short for cannabidiol, is one of the most widely known and researched cannabinoids on the market. You can see and hear it just about everywhere—online, in TV commercials, radio stations, magazines, and many more places. CBD is the star in the cannabis research industry today. It is being talked about by nurses, doctors, medical experts, and others in the medical industry.
Did you know that other substances fall under the same category as CBD? There are a host of other cannabinoids which some experts believe may offer beneficial properties. Aside from CBD, we also have CBG, CBN, CBC, CBDV and CBDA. If you want to know more details about these cannabinoids and what they can possibly do to your body, this is the post for you. Remember, there are important factors when shopping for CBD.
What are Cannabinoids?
If you are not well-versed with what CBD is, the acronyms mentioned above may be a bit confusing. So, let’s start with the most basic information that you need to know. The first thing that we need to tackle is cannabinoids. What are they and what do they do?
Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds that are derived from the cannabis plant. These are the substances which may be responsible for the potential health benefits of cannabis. Experts have discovered around 110 cannabinoids, each of which are thought to provide their own unique properties and effects. It is also important to understand CBD concentration and mg's when taking CBD.
How Cannabinoids May Possibly Affect Our Body
The human body has a built-in mechanism called the endocannabinoid system (ECS). This system is responsible for how the body reacts to each cannabinoid.
The ECS is comprised of various receptors located throughout the body—in the brain, spinal cord, gastrointestinal tract, and other major body parts. The receptors under this system fall under two categories: CB1 and CB2 receptors. CB1 receptors are associated with the nervous system and brain, while CB2 receptors are connected to the immune system.
When cannabinoids enter the bloodstream, they may attach to the receptors or stimulate the endocannabinoid system. Either way, the receptors become reactive, which allows them to carry out the specific functions that they have.
These substances can affect crucial body processes like appetite, mood, pain, memory, and many more. The potential effect depends on the type of cannabinoid and the location of the receptors that they will bind to. We will talk about this topic in much more detail below to help make it absolutely clear. But first, we need to tackle the question of…
What is CBD?
CBD is the most prevalent cannabinoid, so it makes sense that we should start with talking about it. The main reason why the consumption of CBD is now legal in certain states in the U.S. is that it is said to be non-psychoactive. This means that it does not impair the consumer’s cognitive ability. As a result, you may be able to experience the possible health benefits of cannabis without getting high in the way you would if you consumed marijuana.
There are already many studies that aim to explore the health benefits of CBD, but more research is needed to determine its safety, dosing, and other factors. It is believed by some that the health applications of the compound are wide-ranging. Here are some of the hypotheses about CBD that are still being examined by medical scientists to determine if they are true:
- CBD may reduce pain and inflammation.
- CBD may protect the brain.
- CBD may help ease anxiety.
- CBD may alleviate skin irritation.
- CBD may regulate sleeping pattern.
- CBD may impact mood, body temperature, libido, and appetite.
Due to its wide array of potential health benefits, many people consider incorporating CBD into their daily regimen. Please be reminded that the studies exploring the potential health benefits of the substance are still limited, so all of the properties mentioned are still not yet proven. Because of this, you can find CBD in various dosage forms in the market. These include CBD capsules or pills, CBD vape, CBD creams or lotions, CBD gummies, and CBD oils or tinctures.
You may have already read about CBD’s potential benefits in various websites and publications, but we will now talk about the numerous potential benefits that other cannabinoids may offer also where is CBD going in 2020?
What is CBG?
CBG, short for cannabigerol, is considered to be the mother of all cannabinoids. Why is it referred to as such? All cannabinoids start from their acidic precursor. CBG starts as CBGA, short for cannabigerolic acid. However, CBGA is a precursor that is not limited only to CBG. It can also be a precursor to the acidic form of other cannabinoids like CBDA, CBCA, and THCA.
As it turns out, CBG may offer health benefits too. It is said to act on both CB1 and CB2 receptors. However, the studies about this cannabinoid are still considered to be limited as it is currently in the discovery phase. As of now, here are some of the hypothesized benefits of CBG that are being tested by scientists:
- It may act as an anti-inflammatory.
- It may be a neuroprotectant.
- It may help treat glaucoma.
- It may be an antibacterial agent.
- It may be a bladder dysfunction agent.
Again, please be reminded that the studies exploring the potential health benefits of the substance are still limited, so all of the properties mentioned are still not yet proven.
What is CBN?
CBN is short for cannabinol and is the first-ever cannabinoid to be isolated by scientists. It can be found naturally in the cannabis plant, but only when it ages. This cannabinoid can be synthetically produced when tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is exposed to oxygen. Even though it is derived from THC, it does not provide the psychoactive effect that the latter has.
Experts have discovered that it does not bind to receptors as well as other cannabinoids do. Despite this, it is still considered to have potential health benefits. Studies have been conducted on this cannabinoid to explore its sedative effects. Some pieces of research also explored its ability to stimulate the growth of bone tissues.
Because of the limited number of studies conducted on this cannabinoid, it is still not generally available on the market and none of the foregoing are medically established results.
What is CBC?
CBC is short for cannabichromene. This cannabinoid was discovered five decades ago and is a rising star in the cannabinoid family. Just as with CBD and THC, CBC is produced when CBDA is broken down by ultraviolet light.
This may be the least researched cannabinoid, but when the experts placed their attention on it, they apparently discovered a few potential applications for it.
CBC is different in that it binds to transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) and vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1), instead of the CB1 or CB2 receptors. These receptors are associated with the perception of pain. Studies are being conducted to explore the ability of the cannabinoid to be a healthier alternative to painkillers. Some studies also aim to determine the anti-inflammatory properties of this cannabinoid.
Some experts claim that CBC may feature an entourage effect, meaning that it may work synergistically with other cannabinoids to possibly enhance the mentioned effects.
What is CBDV?
CBDV is short for cannabidivarin. This cannabinoid has a similar molecular structure to CBD, but as per recent studies, it may have a completely different application. Studies are being conducted to explore its potential ability to help treat epilepsy and other neurological disorders. It is also currently being studied as an appetite suppressant and as an antinausea and antivomiting agent for chemotherapy patients.
What is CBDA?
As mentioned previously, almost all cannabinoids start as their acidic precursor. We have stated before that CBGA may be converted into three significant types of precursor compounds, namely THCA, CBCA and CBDA. CBDA is short for cannabidiolic acid and is the acidic precursor of CBD. When the cannabis plant is exposed to either sunlight or heat, it is converted into CBD.
Instead of binding to CB1 and CB2 receptors, CBDA works by inhibiting the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) enzymes. These enzymes are associated with pain and inflammation. Some studies aim to explore the effects of this cannabinoid on the serotonin levels in the body.
CBDA can be found in different tinctures, capsules, or creams. There are also some who juice raw cannabis just to get a dose of CBDA.
How Do I Know Which Cannabinoid Should I Use?
This roundup of cannabinoids may be a bit overwhelming. After all, it may seem like nothing more than a bunch of acronyms or jumbled alphabet letters. However, we hope that the information we have provided you will help you decipher the differences between the various types of cannabinoids that are being studied.
However, please keep in mind that studies about these cannabinoids are still limited. Because of this, you should avoid taking any of these cannabinoids without the advice of a medical health professional. There are still no conclusive studies with regards to the right dosing, drug interactions, and possible side effects of these substances, so consulting professional assistance is highly recommended.
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