Over the last decade, CBD has proven to be more than just a trend, and the market for CBD products is expected to continue to grow rapidly.
Although there is a great demand for CBD products, there are still some issues that have not yet been completely resolved.
Among these issues are the strong taste and odor associated with natural, unflavored products, as well as low bioavailability with some ingestion methods. In this post, we will look at one potential solution to these problems: water-soluble CBD.
Why Does the Bioavailability Matter?
Quality CBD oil is normally extracted using a method involving pressurized CO2. The oil produced, just like any other oil, is hydrophobic, which means that it is not absorbent in water.
As we all know, water and oil don’t mix. Since the human body is approximately 60% water, any ingested or topically applied hydrophobic product, CBD included, resists absorption in the bloodstream. As a result, the body uses as much as it can, and up to 96% of the consumed CBD is then flushed away without ever having an effect. The oil form of CBD also causes a delayed onset of the amount that manages to enter the bloodstream.
The rate at which a substance is absorbed into the bloodstream is called bioavailability. The higher the bioavailability, the higher the effect of the product.
These issues affect a variety of CBD products, including tinctures, capsules, topicals, edibles, and more. The low CBD bioavailability, which as mentioned could be as low as 4%, has pushed the hemp industry to find a solution to the problem to increase the effect for the user. A potential solution to this issue is water-soluble CBD, which some believe could become a game-changer for the industry.
Water-soluble vs. Water-compatible
If you look for a water-soluble CBD product you will probably find one fairly easily. Keep in mind, however, that what you are about to purchase may not be exactly soluble.
Many companies today falsely advertise that they are offering water-soluble CBD. But is it really water-soluble? In reality, a great percentage of these so-called water-soluble CBD products are actually more water-compatible. But what does this mean exactly?
Water-compatible Nano CBD
In recent years, nanotechnology entered the hemp industry. With the help of nanotechnology, CBD is broken into extremely small particles. Particles must be less than 100 nanometers to be considered “nano”. For reference, one nanometer is equal to about one billionth of a meter, or 0.000000001 meters.
To get an idea of exactly how small this is, the diameter of an average human hair is about 60,000 nanometers.
The CBD molecules are then encapsulated or coated so they can be emulsified and remain stable when in contact with water. Still, these tiny particles are not really water-soluble. The more accurate term used in this case is that they are in fact tiny water-compatible oil particles.
The encapsulated molecules are not dissolved in the water. However, they also do not clump together. Instead, they stay suspended within the water, which in theory makes them more easily absorbed and increases bioavailability.
Such nano emulsions are used mainly in CBD products such as infused beverages, edibles, and capsules. However, they can also be used in topicals, tinctures, and other CBD products.
Such nano emulsions are used mainly in CBD products such as infused beverages, edibles, lozenges, and capsules. However, they can also be used in topicals, tinctures, and other CBD products.
The Benefits of Water-compatible CBD
While not truly soluble, water-compatible CBD brings many of the benefits that are suggested for water-soluble products.
Bioavailability should be significantly higher when compared to traditional oils. When the molecules do not clump together, it is easier for more of them to find their way into the bloodstream of the user.
With greater bioavailability comes a host of additional benefits such as faster effect and lower required dosage. It is also easier to mask the strong hemp-specific odor associated with traditional solutions.
The Negatives of Water-compatible CBD
Does it sound too good to be true? Better bioavailability, faster effect, and no sharp taste or odor sounds great right?
Well, it is only natural that nano emulsified CBD products may also come with some cons. Just like the potential benefits, the negatives of the water-compatible nano CBD are still subject to multiple studies, and researchers have not yet offered any definitive statements.
The potential adverse risks associated with nano emulsions include unpredictable experiences, immune system response, and even DNA damage.
Nano CBD is relatively new to the industry and no official research statements have been made to confirm these positive or negative effects.
Is There a True Water-Soluble CBD?
While some companies are falsely labeling water-compatible products as being water-soluble, others are actively working towards producing an authentic water-soluble product. There are several ways to potentially create the much-desired solution.
One of the methods believed to produce an actual water-soluble product is turning the CBD into powder. Just like nano CBD, this method involves breaking the CBD oil into micro-sized pieces which are converted into water-soluble powder.
The tiny pieces are again encapsulated so they can remain stable in their new state. The result is a water-soluble full spectrum CBD extract.
Still, this process involves including additional components to stabilize the substance and may bring not only the positives but also the potential negatives of nano CBD.
The water-soluble powder could be used in a nearly unlimited variety of options. It could be added to beverages or used to infuse water with CBD. You could also consume it with different raw or cooked foods. Still, these consumption methods will reduce the final effect, especially if you don’t drink or eat all of the food or beverage.
Luckily, powder CBD is also available for direct usage in the form of capsules.
The other method used to produce truly water-soluble CBD takes advantage of glycosylation. This is a process that naturally occurs in the human body as it metabolizes different foods.
In essence, a sugar molecule is added to the cannabinoid. While this process also requires CBD to be broken into nanoparticles, manufacturers claim that the glycosylated oils are water-soluble and not simply water-compatible.
Benefits of Water-Soluble CBD
The bioavailability of traditional CBD tinctures varies from 20–30% to as low as 4%. A significant factor that determines this is the way in which you consume CBD. If you take the product sublingually, experts recommend that the oil is held under the tongue for at least 60 seconds before swallowing. This allows for part of the CBD to enter the bloodstream through the mucous membranes of the mouth.
Still, such percentages may not be satisfactory for all CBD users. Water-soluble CBD is the potential solution to this issue. Water-soluble CBD, and even the water-compatible variation, are believed to bring many additional benefits when compared to traditional CBD products.
The most anticipated benefit is greater bioavailability. It is speculated that a true water-soluble substance would have a bioavailability of over 90%, compared to the current 4–30%. Studies are still ongoing, and the exact absorption rate cannot be confirmed at this stage.
Higher bioavailability should also reduce your costs. Simply stated, if the consumed amount is better absorbed from the body, you should feel the same effect from a smaller dosage.
Faster Onset Time
Another benefit from greater bioavailability is that the onset time should be considerably faster. When the substance is more easily absorbed in the bloodstream, the effects should be felt more quickly.
Better Taste and Odor
A true water-soluble CBD should be clear, virtually odorless, and offer a better taste to users. This should also attract active CBD users, as many of them are not particularly fond of the sharp odor and the earthy, herbal taste associated with traditional CBD products.
Indefinite Shelf Stability
Some believe that a true water-soluble CBD product will also have indefinite shelf stability. Still, more studies are required to prove this hypothesis.
While it all sounds great in theory, to meet the high expectations of the current and future CBD users a high-quality water-soluble CBD solution should also meet several additional criteria:
- No emulsifiers, surfactants, or nanotechnologies used in the process
- Should qualify for organic certification
As with many things related to CBD, studies are still ongoing. Although many users are convinced of the numerous potential health benefits being researched, science has not yet confirmed most of them.
If you are ready to try a water-soluble, water-compatible, or a traditional CBD product for yourself, you’ve come to the right place. Our high quality, organic, GMO-free CBD may be the perfect fit. Browse the offerings at buyCBDproducts.com today!