The use of CBD oils, tinctures, gummies, and other CBD products is on the rise. Even though studies to ascertain which health benefits can be proven are in the initial stages, there is reason to hope that CBD will one day be incorporated into mainstream medicine.
Even with the hopes of a natural solution to some chronic conditions, some are still worried about the use of CBD and wonder if it could end up doing more harm than good. One of the questions many have is does CBD get you high?
Can You Get High From CBD?
To be able to delve into this question, you will first need to understand what CBD is, the process through which it is made, and how it works. The cannabis plants—hemp and marijuana—contain natural compounds known as cannabinoids. The most common cannabinoids in these plants are cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). While THC is more pronounced in marijuana, CBD is mostly extracted from the hemp plant. Even though the hemp plant also has traces of THC, the amount is usually less than 0.3%. Similarly, marijuana has higher levels of THC than CBD.
THC is the compound that is famous for the high feeling users experience after using cannabis products. It is known for its psychoactive effects that can result in heightened sensory perception, pleasure, and euphoria. Some people assume that you can get high from CBD because, just like THC, it is found in the cannabis plant, However, CBD use does not provide such effects. In fact, the presence of CBD in the body may counter the psychoactive effects of THC and minimizes the feeling of being high. In most cases, THC and CBD are usually isolated from each other during extraction.
CBD has been marketed as a potential solution to managing and reducing symptoms associated with depression and anxiety, and some evidence suggests it may cause a feeling of relaxation. This feeling is not to be confused with the same feeling as that brought about by using THC. Even if you consume CBD in high dosages, you still won’t get high. You may, however, experience feelings of dizziness and nausea.
Why Doesn’t CBD Get You High?
The body has an endocannabinoid system (ECS) that produces phytocompounds like those found in cannabis plants. The ECS, a vital component of the central nervous system, has receptors known as CB1 and CB2 receptors. CB1 receptors are more common in the brain, while the latter is mostly found in the immune cells. CB1 receptors influence bodily processes such as cognitive functions, mood, and movement. When you consume cannabis products, cannabinoids interact with the receptors (mostly the CB1 receptors) in certain ways.
THC interacts with the CB1 receptors by activating them. This results in a feeling of being high or euphoria. On the other hand, CBD is considered a CB1 antagonist. This means that it blocks the activation of CB1 receptors and prevents the intoxicating impact that could be caused by activating CB1 receptors. If taken together with THC, CBD may even inhibit the psychoactive effects of THC.
Is CBD Legal?
In most jurisdictions, cannabis is generally classified as a controlled substance. Some have, however, lifted the ban on hemp plants because their use doesn’t normally provide any psychoactive effects, and that has spurred studies and research on its use and benefits. In most areas, the use of CBD that has been derived from the hemp plant is legal.
In most jurisdictions, CBD products must contain less than 0.3% THC to be categorized as legal. The use of marijuana, which contains high levels of THC, is largely illegal, though some jurisdictions allow the use of either medical or recreational marijuana. It is always advisable check if the CBD product you are purchasing is either hemp or marijuana-derived so you don’t find yourself on the wrong side of the law. Additionally, always check the CBD-to-THC ratios as they vary from product to product.
Uses and Benefits Of CBD
Because it doesn’t normally lead to any intoxicating effects on users, numerous studies are being conducted to determine whether CBD could be used in healthcare to promote the well-being of patients. It is hypothesized that the cannabinoid could provide several health benefits to patients, especially those suffering from chronic conditions. Although studies are not yet conclusive, following is a list of some of the potential benefits that are being researched:
Help in reducing inflammation and joint pains associated with arthritis.
Help in managing the symptoms of multiple sclerosis, an autoimmune disease that results in the destruction of myelin and affects the communication between the brain and the rest of the body.
Encourage the central nervous system to produce its own cannabinoids in order to deal with chronic pain.
Help in reducing the severity of mental conditions like anxiety and depression by encouraging the brain to release serotonin, a neurotransmitter that helps regulate mood and social behavior.
Help in managing the symptoms of cancer and cancer treatment.
Help in reducing acne by limiting the production of sebum and preventing the activation of inflammatory cytokines.
Contribute to the management of neurological disorders such as epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease.
Promote good health of the heart and the circulatory system.
Help people who are looking to quit smoking by reducing the craving for nicotine.
Help people suffering from chronic sleep disorders to have an improved quality of sleep by helping them to relax at bedtime.
Help in relieving migraines by reducing inflammation that is often caused by an imbalance of brain chemicals.
Help in moisturizing skin by countering the free radicals in the skin that promote skin dullness, wrinkles, redness, and a ruddy skin tone.
Again, it is important to note that studies are still being conducted to determine whether the perceived health benefits of CBD are scientifically valid. It is therefore advisable not to substitute your medical prescriptions with CBD products and to consult a physician before beginning use.
If you plan to use CBD, including for recreational purposes, then it should be at the advice of your doctor. Until healthcare experts have an adequate understanding of how CBD can be incorporated into the medical field and how different users can fully benefit from it, it is not a replacement for traditional medicine.
The Side Effects of CBD
You already know that CBD use does not lead to significant psychoactive effects and doesn’t get you high. But does it have any other side effects? Generally, the use of CBD is considered safe and there are no regularly documented adverse side effects. However, it is advisable to use caution because you may experience the following side effects on rare occasions:
Negative interaction with certain medications such as antipsychotic drugs, antifungal medications, rifampin-based drugs that are used in the treatment of tuberculosis, and macrolide antibiotics among others. Use may also limit the production of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes which help in the metabolization and absorption of drugs into the bloodstream.
A feeling of dry mouth due to inhibited secretion of saliva by the salivary glands.
Feelings of drowsiness and lightheadedness, especially if you consume high doses of CBD.
A slight drop in blood pressure.
Diarrhea, feelings of tiredness, and change in weight and appetite.
Health experts and regulatory authorities have yet to create comprehensive guidelines concerning how much CBD oil one can take. This makes it difficult to know who can use CBD, especially for medicinal purposes, and what dosage may be appropriate for them. Even for recreational use, there is no approved documentation on how much CBD is too much. Therefore, it is generally recommended to start with the smallest dose possible and slowly increase it until you receive the desired effects.
CBD is mostly extracted from the hemp plant and therefore is not likely to get you high. Don’t expect to experience euphoria from using CBD.
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